Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD or Dyspraxia)

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD or Dyspraxia) is an umbrella term covering motor coordination difficulties. Children and young people with Developmental Coordination Disorder often have difficulty carrying out everyday tasks due to a delay in motor skills or coordination. They often struggle with self-care tasks, handwriting, running, riding a bike and other activities. Such difficulties can have a significant negative impact on the child’s and young person’s daily life and may lead to social and emotional difficulties as well as problems with time management, planning and personal organisation. It may affect the individual’s participation and functioning of everyday life skills as well as educational and recreational activities and later employment.

While Developmental Coordination Disorder is often regarded as an umbrella term to describe motor coordination difficulties; dyspraxia refers to those people who have additional problems planning, organising and movement planning in everyday situations. Dyspraxia can also affect speech articulation, perception and thought.

Developmental Coordination Disorder describes difficulties with motor skills and coordination, when there is no other specific reason or underlying diagnosis that might impact on a child’s motor skills. It affects approximately 5% of school age children.

Developmental Coordination Disorder often co-occur with other developmental disorders, such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or specific learning difficulty like Dyslexia and Dyscalculia or language disorders.

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) Screening

It is a very basic way to help to understand the impact and severity of your child’s motor difficulties on his/ her daily life activities and school life through questionnaires. The screening does not reflect the etiology behind motor difficulties.

We offer Developmental Coordination Disorder Screening for children from 3 to 12 years of age and we recommend that DCD screening is arranged in conjunction with Paediatric Assessment.

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD or Dyspraxia) Diagnostic Assessment

We offer a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation for Developmental Coordination Disorder.

An assessment will assess the impact of the child/young person’s coordination difficulties on their everyday life and will help the child/young person, their families and teachers to understand the nature of their difficulties and support appropriately.

Your child will be seen by a Paediatric Occupational Therapist, Paediatrician and Psychologist.

The Occupational Therapist will provide an in-depth assessment of your child’s gross motor, fine motor, self-care skills, perception, handwriting, basic sensory skills etc.

A medical assessment with the Paediatrician will be arranged to exclude a medical condition as an underlying reason for your child’s motor coordination and/ or fine motor difficulties. The Paediatrician will observe your child’s movements and gait and conduct a detailed physical and neurological examination. As part of the assessment the Psychologist will check your child’s general ability to ensure that problems with motor planning and coordination could not be better explained by general learning difficulties.

Once the assessment is completed you will be provided with a detailed feedback during face to face meeting with the child’s or young person Lead Clinician as well as written report.

We offer Developmental Coordination Disorder Diagnostic Assessment for children and young people from 5 to 18 years of age.